ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY: FEBRUARY 27

Chile earthquake; Concepción

Chile struck by earthquake and tsunami
2010   On this day a magnitude-8.8 earthquake struck Chile, causing widespread damage and triggering a tsunami that devastated coastal areas; it was the most powerful earthquake to strike the region since 1960.

MORE EVENTS 

Nimoy, Leonard
2015  American actor Leonard Nimoy—who was best known for his portrayal of the stoic, cerebral Mr. Spock in the sci-fi TV and film franchise Star Trek—died in Los Angeles.
Buckley, William F., Jr.
2008  American editor and author William F. Buckley, Jr.—who became an important intellectual influence in politics as the founder (1955) and editor in chief of the journal National Review, which he used as a forum for conservative views and ideas—died in Connecticut.
Remains of an Iraqi convoy near Kuwait city, Kuwait, during the Persian Gulf War.
1991  U.S. President George Bush ordered a cease-fire effective at midnight and declared victory in the Persian Gulf War, a conflict triggered by Iraq‘s invasion and occupation of Kuwait in August 1990.
American Indian Movement members and U.S. authorities meeting to resolve the 1973 standoff at Wounded Knee, South Dakota.
1973  Two hundred members of the American Indian Movement forcefully took the reservation hamlet of Wounded Knee, South Dakota.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
1967  Saint Kitts and Nevis (with Anguilla) became an independent state associated with the United Kingdom.
Second Empire style; Reichstag building
1933  In Berlin the Reichstag (parliament) building caught fire, a key event in the establishment of Nazi dictatorship.
Elizabeth Taylor, 1953.
1932  American actress Elizabeth Taylor—whose career, highlighted by award-winning portrayals of emotionally volatile characters, was often overshadowed by her highly publicized personal life—was born in London.
John Steinbeck.
1902  American novelist John Steinbeck—who was best known for The Grapes of Wrath (1939), which summed up the bitterness of the Great Depressiondecade and aroused widespread sympathy for the plight of migratory farmworkers—was born.
Hugo Black.
1886  American lawyer and politician Hugo Black—who, as a Supreme Courtjustice, was known for his support of the doctrine of total incorporation—was born.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
1807  American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was born in Portland, Massachusetts (now in Maine).
1884  Paul Kruger, president of the South African Republic, signed a treaty in London that disavowed British authority over the Transvaal.
1776  At the Battle of Moore’s Creek Bridge, North Carolinian revolutionaries defeated loyalists during the American Revolution.
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