Chile struck by earthquake and tsunami
2010 On this day a magnitude-8.8 earthquake
, causing widespread damage and triggering a tsunami
that devastated coastal areas; it was the most powerful earthquake to strike the region since 1960
MORE EVENTS ON THIS DAY
2015 American actor Leonard Nimoy
—who was best known for his portrayal of the stoic, cerebral Mr. Spock in the sci-fi
TV and film franchise Star Trek
—died in Los Angeles.
2008 American editor and author William F. Buckley, Jr.
—who became an important intellectual influence in politics as the founder (1955) and editor in chief of the journal National Review
, which he used as a forum for conservative
views and ideas—died in Connecticut.
1991 U.S. President George Bush
ordered a cease-fire effective at midnight and declared victory in the Persian Gulf War
, a conflict triggered by Iraq
‘s invasion and occupation of Kuwait
in August 1990.
1932 American actress Elizabeth Taylor
—whose career, highlighted by award-winning portrayals of emotionally volatile characters, was often overshadowed by her highly publicized personal life—was born in London.
1902 American novelist John Steinbeck
—who was best known for The Grapes of Wrath (1939), which summed up the bitterness of the Great Depression
decade and aroused widespread sympathy for the plight of migratory farmworkers—was born.
1886 American lawyer and politician Hugo Black
—who, as a Supreme Court
justice, was known for his support of the doctrine of total incorporation—was born.