Walter Payton.
1999 American professional gridiron football player Walter Payton, who was one of the game’s greatest running backs, died from bile duct cancer.
1994  The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) launched its Wind spacecraft on a mission that would include a “halo orbit” between the Sun and Earth to explore the space environment there.
Antigua and Barbuda
1981 Antigua and Barbuda achieved independence from the United Kingdom, with Vere Bird serving as the first prime minister.
Harry S. Truman, 1945.
1950  Puerto Rican nationalists, members of the Armed Forces of National Liberation (FALN), attempted to assassinate U.S. President Harry S. Truman.
Kemal Atatürk.
1922  The Grand National Assembly, at the behest of Kemal Atatürk, voted to abolish the sultanate of Turkey.
Stephen Crane, 1897.
1871  American author Stephen Crane, whose works included The Red Badge of Courage (1895), was born.
“An Emblem of the Effects of the STAMP,” a warning against the Stamp Act published in the Pennsylvania Journal, October 1765; in the New York Public Library.
1765  The Stamp Act went into effect, marking the first British parliamentary attempt to raise revenue through direct taxation of all colonial commercial and legal papers.
A drawing of the Lisbon earthquake of Nov. 1, 1755.
1755   Lisbon was heavily damaged by an earthquake that demolished more than 9,000 buildings and killed as many as 30,000 people.
William Shakespeare, detail of an oil painting attributed to John Taylor, c. 1610. The portrait is called the “Chandos Shakespeare” because it once belonged to the duke of Chandos.
1611 William Shakespeare‘s The Tempest was reportedly performed for the first time.
The coronation of Otto III.
996  Holy Roman Emperor Otto III granted the Bavarian bishopric of Freising30 “royal hides,” or about 8 square km (2,000 acres), of land in a deed that contained the first recorded use of the name Ostarrîchi, from which the name Austria is derived.

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